Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Bahrain

International Reserves

USD 2.3 billion (2018)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 38.3 billion (2018, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 74.1 billion (2018, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
8.3% 6.2% 2.5% 4.3% 2% 3.7% 5.4%
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*    
4.4% 2.9% 3.5% 3.5% 1.8%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 25,850.5 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 50,056.5 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
0.05% (2019, estimate)
 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 0.3% 
  • industry: 43.4% 
  • services: 55.3%

(2018 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
1.8% 2.8% 1.4% 2.1% 1.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
3.4% 3.7% 3.6% 3.9% 4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
66% 81.3% 88.2% 94.7% 101.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
-18.4% -17.6% -14.2% -11.9% -8%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B+

Moody's: B2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's

Market value of publicly traded shares
2016 2017 2018
USD 19.4 billion USD 21.7 billion USD 21.9 billion
Largest companies

Ahli United Bank

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -2.2 billion (2018 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-5.9 % (2018 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

88.1% (2018)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.10% (2018)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.21% (2018)

Total exports

USD 30.2 billion (2018 estimate)

Export commodities

Petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles

Total imports

USD 27.0 billion (2018 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Crude oil, machinery, chemicals

Exports - major partners

UAE 19.6%, Saudi Arabia 11.7%, US 10.8%, Oman 8.1%, China 6.5%, Qatar 5.7%, Japan 4.2% (2017)

Imports - major partners

China 8.8%, UAE 7.2%, US 7.1%, Australia 5.3%, Japan 4.8% (2017)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 243 million USD 1,426 million USD 1,515 million
FDI outflows
2016 2017 2018
USD -880 million

USD 229 million

USD 111 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2015 2016 2017 2018
USD -649 million USD -705 million USD 922 million USD -90 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking:

43 out of 190 countries

Subcategories:
Starting a Business: 67 out of 190 countries
Dealing with Construction Permits: 17 out of 190 countries
Getting Electricity: 72 out of 190 countries
Registering Property: 17 out of 190 countries
Getting Credit: 94 out of 190 countries
Protecting Minority Investors: 51 out of 190 countries
Paying Taxes: 1 out of 190 countries
Trading across Borders: 77 out of 190 countries
Enforcing Contracts: 59 out of 190 countries
Resolving Insolvency: 60 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

45 out of 141 countries

(2019)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 54 / Score: 66.4 (Moderately free)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+3

Total area

760 sq km

Capital

Manama

Currency

Bahraini dinars (BHD)

Government type

Constitutional monarchy

Languages

Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu

Religions

Muslim 70.3%, Christian 14.5%, Hindu 9.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Jewish 0.6%, folk religion <.1, unaffiliated 1.9%, other 0.2% (2010 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
0.488 million 0.638 million 1.235 million 1.319 million 1.457 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
82% 86% 88% 89%
Population median age

32.1 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

2.33% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

78.9 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 95.7%
Male: 96.9%
Female: 93.5% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 6 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 20.60%   Mobile 185.26% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

93.48% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Manama: 71st (2016)

CO2 emissions

23.7 (2013)

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