Source
Central bank

Bangladesh Bank

International Reserves

USD 31.8 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 246.2 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 686.2 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
6.9% 6.5% 5.5% 5.3% 6% 6.5% 6.3%
2013 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*    
6% 6.3% 6.8% 6.9% 6.9%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 1,508.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 4,204.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.33% 0.34% 0.37% 0.45% 0.5%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 15.1% 
  • industry: 28.6% 
  • services: 56.3%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
7.5% 7.0% 6.4% 6.7% 6.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
34.5% 33.9% 33.9% 34% 34.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
-3.4% -3.1% -3.9% -4.3% -4.7%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB-

Moody's: Ba3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -1.8 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-0.7% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

17.3% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.2% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.04% (2015)

Total exports

USD 33.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Garments, knitwear, agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather

Total imports

USD 39.2 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Cotton, machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

US 13.9%, Germany 12.9%, UK 8.9%, France 5%, Spain 4.7% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 22.4%, India 14.1%, Singapore 5.2% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,599 million USD 1,551 million USD 2,235 million
Source
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 34 million USD 44 million USD 46 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A USD -4.4 million N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 176 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 122 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 189 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 185 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 157 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 70 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 173 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 151 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 138 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 187 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 151 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

106 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 137 / Score: 53.32 (Mostly unfree) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+6

Total area

143,998 sq km

Capital

Dhaka

Currency

taka (BDT)

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Languages

Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English

Religions

Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
107.386 million 132.383 million 151.125 million 157.918 million 166.27 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
5.1% 15% 24% 33%
Population median age

24.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.6% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

70.65 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

57.7% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

76.5% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.1 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 4 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 0.7%   Mobile 67.1%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)
 

Internet users as % of total population

6.50% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Dhaka 117th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.4 (2010)

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