Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Bahrain

International Reserves

USD 2.3 billion (2018)

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 38.3 billion (2018, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 74.1 billion (2018, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
8.3% 6.2% 2.5% 4.3% 2% 3.7% 5.4%
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*    
4.4% 2.9% 3.5% 3.8% 1.8%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 25,850.5 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 50,056.5 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
0.05% (2019, estimate)
 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 0.3% 
  • industry: 43.4% 
  • services: 55.3%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
1.8% 2.8% 1.4% 2.1% 1.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2015 2016 2017 2017* 2018*
3.4% 3.7% 3.6% 3.9% 4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
66% 81.3% 88.2% 94.7% 101.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
-18.4% -17.6% -14.2% -11.9% -8%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B+

Moody's: B2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's 

Market value of publicly traded shares
2016 2017 2018
USD 19.4 billion USD 21.7 billion USD 21.9 billion
Largest companies

Ahli United Bank

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.3 billion (2018 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-0.4 % (2018 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

70.2% (2018)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.17% (2018)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.15% (2018)

Total exports

USD 42.0 billion (2018)

Export commodities

Machinery and equipment, mineral products, chemicals, metals, textiles, foodstuffs

Total imports

USD 41.3 billion (2018 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Mineral products, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, metals

Exports - major partners

Russia 43.9%, Ukraine 11.5%, UK 8.2% (2017)

Imports - major partners

Russia 57.2%, China 8%, Germany 5.1% (2017)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 1,238 million USD 1,279 million USD 1,469 million
FDI outflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 114 million USD 70 million USD 36 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2015 2016 2017 2018
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking:

49 out of 190 countries

Subcategories:
Starting a Business: 30 out of 190 countries
Dealing with Construction Permits: 48 out of 190 countries
Getting Electricity: 20 out of 190 countries
Registering Property: 14 out of 190 countries
Getting Credit: 104 out of 190 countries
Protecting Minority Investors: 79 out of 190 countries
Paying Taxes: 99 out of 190 countries
Trading across Borders: 24 out of 190 countries
Enforcing Contracts: 40 out of 190 countries
Resolving Insolvency: 74 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

N/A

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 104 / Score: 57.9 (Mostly unfree)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

207,600 sq km

Capital

Minsk 

Currency

Belarusian rubles (BYB/BYR) 

Government type

Presidential republic in name, although in fact a dictatorship

Languages

Russian (official) 70.2%, Belarusian (official) 23.4%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3% (2009 est.)

Religions

Orthodox 48.3%, Catholic 7.1%, other 3.5%, non-believers 41.1% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
N/A 9.99 million 9.5 million 9.451 million 9.217 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
32% 57% 70% 77%
Population median age

39.8 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.21% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

72.7 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 99.7%
Male: 99.8%
Female: 99.7% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

0% (2014)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

27.2 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 6 (2017)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 49.04%   Mobile 123.64% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

62.23% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Minsk: 204th (2016)

CO2 emissions

6.7 (2013)

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