Source
Central bank

Central Bank of the Comoros

International Reserves

USD 0.2 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 0.7 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 1.3 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1.2% 0.5% 1% 1.8% 2.1% 2.2% 3%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
3.5% 2% 1% 2.2% 3.3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 774.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 1,566.9 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0% 0% 0% 0% 0.001%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 50% 
  • industry: 12.1% 
  • services: 37.9%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
1.6% 1.3% 2.0% 2.2% 2.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
18.1% 22.6% 25.4% 27.1% 28.1%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
17.8% -0.5% 4.4% -9.1% -7.9%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.1 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-9.7% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

16.9% (2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.0% (2014)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.001% (2014)

Total exports

USD 19.2 millions (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), cloves

Total imports

USD 0.2 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, cement and construction materials, transport equipment

Exports - major partners

India 28.7%, France 17%, Germany 8.7%, Saudi Arabia 7.1%, Singapore 6.6%, Netherlands 6.1%, Mauritius 5.3% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 18.9%, Pakistan 16.2%, France 14.7%, UAE 11.3%, India 6.3% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 4.2 million USD 4.7 million USD 5.1 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 153 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 161 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 179 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 90 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 118 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 145 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 107 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 168 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 92 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 135 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 169 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

N/A

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 141 / Score: 52.35 (Mostly unfree) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+3

Total area

2,235 sq km

Capital

Moroni

Currency

Comoran francs (KMF)

Government type

republic

Languages

Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Religions

Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
0.452 million 0.54 million 0.666 million 0.724 million 0.803 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
12.6% 23% 28% 28%
Population median age

19.2 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.87% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

63.48 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

75.5% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

65.0% (2004)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

64.3 (2004)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 4 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed  3.1%   Mobile 47.3% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

6.50% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.2 (2010)