Source
Central bank

National Bank of Denmark (Danmarks Nationalbank)

International Reserves

USD 63 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 314.8 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 274.4 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
3.8% 0.8% -0.7% -5.1% 1.6% 1.2% -0.1%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
-0.2% 1.3% 1% 1% 1.5%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 55,154.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 48,087.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.46% 0.41% 0.36% 0.26% 0.2%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 1.1% 
  • industry: 23.4% 
  • services: 75.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

3.1% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
0.8% 0.6% 0.5% 0.4% 1.1%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.0% 6.5% 6.2% 6.0% 5.8%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

4.4% (Total, 2015)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
44.7% 44.8% 45.5% 45.7% 46.3%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-1.1% 1.5% -1.7% -0.9% -1.9%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody': Aaa

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A NA
Largest companies

Danske Bank, Møller-Maersk, Novo Nordisk, Vestas Wind Systems, Carlsberg, Jyske Bank, Pandora, ISS, Novozymes, DSV, Coloplast.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 20.8 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

6.6% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

53.4% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.6% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

1.3% (2015)

Total exports

USD 93.6 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, pharmaceuticals, furniture, windmills

Total imports

USD 82.3 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods

Exports - major partners

Germany 17.8%, Sweden 11.6%, US 8.4%, Norway 6.3%, UK 6.3%, Netherlands 4.4%, China 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Germany 20.4%, Sweden 12.3%, Netherlands 8.1%, China 7.3%, Norway 6.1%, UK 4.4% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,051 million USD 3,474 million USD 3,642 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 7,176 million USD 8,410 million USD 13,214 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 552.9 million USD 293.3 million USD 3009.2 million USD 2198.4 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 3 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 24 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 24 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 12 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 32 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 19 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 1 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 7 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 6 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 14 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 8 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

12 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 12 / Score: 75.26 (Mostly free) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

43,094 sq km

Capital

Copenhagen 

Currency

Danish kroner (DKK) 

Government type

constitutional monarchy 

Languages

Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority) note: English is the predominant second language 

Religions

Evangelical Lutheran (official) 80%, Muslim 4%, other (denominations of less than 1% each, includes Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, and Buddhist) 16% (2012 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014*

2019**

5.135 million 5.33 million 5.535 million 5.61 million 5.702 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
73.7% 84% 85% 87%
Population median age

41.6 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.22% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

79.09 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2003 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

0.7% (2010)
 

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

26.9 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 37.4%   Mobile 127.5%

(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

 

Internet users as % of total population

94.63% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Copenhagen: 15th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

8.3 (2010)

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