Source
Central bank

Bank of Central African States

International Reserves

USD 1.9 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 15.9 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 38.7 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
-1.9% 6.3% 1.7% -2.3% 6.3% 7.1% 5.3%
2013 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*    
5.6% 4.3% 4% 3.2% 4.5%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 8,343.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 20,267.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.06% 0.05% 0.04% 0.03% 0.03%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 4.5% 
  • industry: 46.4% 
  • services: 49.1%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
0.5% 4.5% 0.1% 2.5% 2.5%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
29.2% 32.2% 44% 47.5% 46.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*
1.8% 2.7% -1.2% -2.8% -2.7%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B

Moody's: B1

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.7 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-4.7% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

46.1% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.03% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.008% (2014)

Total exports

USD 4.4 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium

Total imports

USD 3.0 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials

Exports - major partners

China 15.5%, Italy 7.3%, Trinidad and Tobago 7.2%, Australia 7%, Spain 6.3%, South Korea 5.4%, Netherlands 5%, US 4.7% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 21.4%, France 19.6%, US 6.6%, Benin 4.7%, Netherlands 4% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 771 million USD 1,011 million USD 624 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD -155 million USD -36 million USD -37 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 164 out of 190 countries (2016)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 152 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 177 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 175 out of 190 countries

Getting credit: 118 out of 190 countries

Protecting investors: 158 out of 190 countries

Trading across border: 166 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 161 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 167 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 158 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 123 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

108 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 105 / Score: 58.96 (Mostly unfree) (2017)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

267,667 sq km

Capital

Libreville

Currency

Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF)

Government type

republic; multiparty presidential regime

Languages

French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Religions

Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
0.93 million 1.205 million 1.496 million 1.586 million 1.699 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
17.4% 55% 80% 87%
Population median age

 18.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

1.94% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

52.06 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

89% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

20.9% (2005)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

42.2 (2005)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed  1.2%   Mobile  214.8% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

9.20% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Libreville 19th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.7 (2010)

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