Source
Central bank

The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran

International Reserves

N/A

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 438.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 1,551.1 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.7% 9.1% 0.9% 2.3% 6.6% 3.8% -6.6%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
-1.9% 4.3% 0.4% 4.5% 4.1%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 5,383.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 19,050.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
1.28% 1.32% 1.27% 1.42% 1.2%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 9.1% 
  • industry: 39.9% 
  • services: 51%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
34.7% 15.6% 11.9% 7.4% 7.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
10.4% 10.6% 10.8% 11.3% 11.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
15.4% 15.6% 15.9% 14.9% 15%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-0.9% -1.2% -1.7% -1.1% -1%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B-

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 345.8 billion USD 116.6 billion USD 89.4 billion
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 14.6 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

3.3% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

24.2% (2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.4% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.2% (2015)

Total exports

USD 87.5 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Petroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets, cement, ore

Total imports

USD 62.1 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services

Exports - major partners

China 22.2%, India 9.9%, Turkey 8.4%, Japan 4.5% (2015)

Imports - major partners

UAE 39.6%, China 22.4%, South Korea 4.7%, Turkey 4.6% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 3,050 million USD 2,105 million USD 2,050 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 166 million USD 89 million USD 139 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 120 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 102 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 70 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 86 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 101 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 165 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 170 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 100 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 27 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 94 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 156 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

76 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 171 / Score: 43.49 (Repressed) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+3.5

Total area

1,648,195 sq km

Capital

Tehran

Currency

Iranian rials (IRR)

Government type

theocratic republic

Languages

Persian (official) 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2%

Religions

Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
54.5 million 63.862 million 74.339 million 78.089 million 83.244 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
33.7% 50% 64% 72%
Population median age

28.3 years (est. 2014)

Population growth rate

 1.22% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

70.89 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

85% (2008 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

8.0% (2005)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

38.3 (2005)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 6 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 38.3%   Mobile 84.2% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

31.40% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Tehran 77th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

7.7 (2010)

World's Best Developed & Emerging Markets Banks

World's Best Islamic Financial Institutions

World's Best Global Banks

World’s Best Treasury & Cash Management Providers

World’s Best Investment Banks

World's Best Banks By Region

World's Best Banks

2014

Best of…

World's Biggest Banks

Additional Awards