Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Malaysia

International Reserves

USD 93.2 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 336.3 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 922.9 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.6% 6.3% 4.8% -1.5% 7.5% 5.3% 5.5%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
4.7% 6% 5% 4.3% 4.6%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 10,426.3 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 28,612.0 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.35% 0.45% 0.60% 0.65% 0.7%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 8.2% 
  • industry: 37.8% 
  • services: 54%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
2.1% 3.1% 2.1% 2.1% 3.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
3.1% 2.9% 3.2% 3.2% 3.2%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
55.9% 55.6% 57.4% 56.6% 55.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-4.1% -2.7% -3% -3.4% -3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: A-

Moody's: A3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 500.4 billion USD 459 billion USD 383 billion
Largest companies

Maybank, Tenaga Nasional, Public Bank, CIMB Group Holdings, Sime Darby, Axiata Group, Genting, Petronas Chemicals, MISC, RHB Capital, Hong Leong Financial, Petronas Gas, AmBank Group, Maxis, IHH Healthcare.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 5.0 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

1.5% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

70.9% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.2% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.7% (2015)

Total exports

USD 167.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Semiconductors and electronic equipment, palm oil, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals, solar panels

Total imports

USD 139.5 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals

Exports - major partners

Singapore 13.9%, China 13%, Japan 9.5%, US 9.4%, Thailand 5.7%, Hong Kong 4.7%, India 4.1% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 18.8%, Singapore 12%, US 8.1%, Japan 7.8%, Thailand 6.1%, South Korea 4.5%, Indonesia 4.5% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 12,115 million USD 10,877 million USD 11,121 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 14,107 million USD 16,369 million USD 9,899 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 9105.5 million USD 2322.1 million USD 1026.1 million USD 3788.2 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 23 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 112 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 42 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 40 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 20 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 3 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 60 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 61 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 13 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 8 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 46 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

25 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 29 / Score: 71.51 (Mostly free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+8

Total area

329,847 sq km

Capital

Kuala Lumpur

Currency

Ringgits (MYR)

Government type

Federal constitutional monarchy

Languages

Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai

Note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan

Religions

Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
18.267 million 23.495 million 28.589 million 31.716 million 34.505 million

*Estimate  

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
27% 42% 62% 75%
Population median age

28.2 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.4% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

75 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 94.6%
Male: 96.2%
Female: 93.2% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 4
Civil Liberties: 4 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 14.65%   Mobile 143.89% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

71.06% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Kuala Lumpur: 151st (2016)

CO2 emissions

8.0 (2013)

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