Source
Central bank

National Bank of Moldova

International Reserves

USD 3.78 billion (2020)
World Bank, last updated 12/16/2021

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 12.40 billion (2021 estimate)
IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2021

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

USD 36.89 billion (2021 estimate)
IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2021

Real GDP growth
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
4.7% 4.3% 3.7% -7% 4.5%*

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 4,791.63 (2021 estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

USD 14,257.81 (2021 estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
0.03% (2021 estimate)
 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 9.5% 
  • industry: 23.3% 
  • services: 54.2%

(2018 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
6.5% 3.6% 4.3% 4.4% 3%*

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
4.1% 3.1% 5.1% 8% 5.5%*

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
34.3% 31.2% 28.3% 34.8% 38.1%*

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
0.5% 0% –0.7% -4.3.% –3.3%*

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: B3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's 

Market value of publicly traded shares

N/A

Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -1 billion (2021 estimate)
IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2021

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-8.5% (2021 estimate)
IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2021

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

26.5% (2020)
World Bank - World Development Indicators (updated Feb 2022)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2020)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.02% (2020)
Compiled by GFMag - Based on World Bank - World Development Indicators

Total exports

USD 3.2 billion (2020 estimate)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Export commodities

Insulated wiring, sunflower seeds, wine, corn, seats (2019)

Total imports

USD 5.9 billion (2020 estimate)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Refined petroleum, cars, insulated wiring, packaged medicines, broadcasting equipment (2019)

Exports - major partners

Romania 27%, Russia 9%, Italy 9%, Germany 9%, Turkey 6%, Poland 5% (2019)

Imports - major partners

Romania 20%, Russia 10%, Ukraine 9%, Germany 8%, China 7%, Turkey 6%, Italy 6% (2019)

FDI inflows
2019 2020 2021
USD 292 million USD 503 million USD 55 million
FDI outflows
2019 2020 2021
USD 38 million USD 42 million USD –12 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking:

Starting a Business: 13 out of 190 countries
Dealing with Construction Permits: 156 out of 190 countries
Getting Electricity: 84 out of 190 countries
Registering Property: 22 out of 190 countries
Getting Credit: 48 out of 190 countries
Protecting Minority Investors: 45 out of 190 countries
Paying Taxes: 33 out of 190 countries
Trading across Borders: 38 out of 190 countries
Enforcing Contracts: 62 out of 190 countries
Resolving Insolvency: 67 out of 190 countries
World Bank - Doing Business 2020

Global competitiveness ranking

102 out of 141 countries

(2019)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 78 / Score: 61.3 (Moderately Free)
The Heritage Foundation - 2022 Index of Economic Freedom

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

33,851 sq km

Capital

Chisinau in Romanian (Kishinev in Russian)

Currency

Moldovan lei (MDL)

Government type

Parliamentary republic

Languages

Moldovan/Romanian 80.2% (official) (56.7% identify their mother tongue as Moldovan, which is virtually the same as Romanian; 23.5% identify Romanian as their mother tongue), Russian 9.7%, Gagauz 4.2% (a Turkish language), Ukrainian 3.9%, Bulgarian 1.5%, Romani 0.3%, other 0.2% (2014 est.); note - data represent mother tongue

Religions

Orthodox 90.1%, other Christian 2.6%, other 0.1%, agnostic <.1%, atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.9% (2014 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2015 2020
3.0 million 2.9 million 2.9 million 2.8 million 2.6 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2020
23.4% 40.4% 44.6% 42.8%
Population median age

37.7 (2022 estimate)

Population growth rate

-1.12% (2022 est.)

Life expectancy

72.4 years (2022 est.)

Literacy

Total population: 99.4%

Male: 99.7%

Female: 99.1% (2015)

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write 

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

0.5% (last available estimate, 2019)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

26.0 (last available estimate, 2019)

Freedom House rating

Total score: 62/100

Status: Partly Free

Political Rights: 27/40

Civil Liberties: 35/60 (2022)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed: 25.5%

Mobile: 84.8% (2020) (fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

76.1% (2017)

Mercer Cost of living index

N/A

CO2 emissions

3.2 metric tons per capita (2018)

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