Source
Central bank

National Bank of Moldova

International Reserves

USD 1.8 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 7.0 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 19.5 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
4.8% 3% 7.8% -6% 7.1% 6.8% -0.7%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
9.4% 4.8% -0.5% 2% 3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 1,982.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 5,497.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
N/A N/A 0.01% 0.02% 0.02%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 14.1% 
  • industry: 21.2% 
  • services: 64.7%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
4.6% 5.1% 9.6% 6.8% 4.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.1% 3.9% 4.9% 4.7% 4.5%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
23.8% 31.4% 41.5% 42.8% 44.5%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-1.9% -1.9% -2.3% -3.2% -3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: B3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A 
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.4% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

43.3% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.02% (2015)

Total exports

USD 1.5 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Foodstuffs, textiles, machinery

Total imports

USD 3.5 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Mineral products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles

Exports - major partners

Romania 23.1%, Italy 10.2%, Turkey 9.4%, Russia 8%, Germany 6.6%, Belarus 6.4% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Russia 22.7%, Romania 18.1%, Ukraine 11.5%, Germany 7%, Italy 4.8%, Turkey 4.4% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 243 million USD 201 million USD 229 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 29 million USD 42 million USD 17 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A USD 14.3 million N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 44 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 44 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 62 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 21 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 32 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 42 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 34 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 31 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 165 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 73 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 60 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

100 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 117 / Score: 57.4 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

33,851 estimate

Capital

Chisinau (Kishinev) 

Currency

Moldovan lei (MDL)

Government type

republic 

Languages

Moldovan 58.8% (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language), Romanian 16.4%, Russian 16%, Ukrainian 3.8%, Gagauz 3.1% (a Turkish language), Bulgarian 1.1%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.4%    note: percentages represent language usually spoken (2004 est.) 

Religions

Orthodox 93.3%, Baptist 1%, other Christian 1.2%, other 0.9%, atheist 0.4%, none 1%, unspecified 2.2% (2004 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
N/A 3.644 million 3.564 million 3.559 million 3.554 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
23.4% 40% 46% 45%
Population median age

35.7 years (2014 estimate) 

Population growth rate

-1.02% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

70.12 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2011 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

2.8% (2011)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

30.6 (2011)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 3 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 35.0%    Mobile 106.0%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

48.8% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

N/A

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

1.4 (2010)

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