Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Nepal

International Reserves

USD 7.9 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 23.8 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 76.0 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
3.4% 3.4% 6.1% 4.5% 4.8% 3.4% 4.8%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
4.1% 6% 2.7% 0.6% 4.1%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 816.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 2,606.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.05% 0.05% 0.06% 0.06% 0.06%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 29.4% 
  • industry: 13% 
  • services: 50.4%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
9.9% 9.0% 7.2% 10.0% 9.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
31.9% 27.4% 28% 27.3% 27.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
2.1% 1.5% 0.3% 1.5% -1.8%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -0.2 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-0.9% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

11.7% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.004% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.02% (2015)

Total exports

USD 898.4 million (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, jute goods

Total imports

USD 7.1 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Petroleum products, machinery and equipment, gold, electrical goods, medicine

Exports - major partners

India 61.3%, US 9.4% (2015)

Imports - major partners

India 61.5%, China 15.4% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 71 million USD 30 million USD 51 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 107 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 109 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 152 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 72 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 139 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 63 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 69 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 142 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 123 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 131 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 89 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

98 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 151 / Score: 50.88 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+5.75

Total area

147,181 sq km

Capital

Kathmandu

Currency

Nepalese rupees (NPR)

Government type

Federal parliamentary republic

Languages

Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%

Note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English (2011 est.)

Religions

Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecifed 0.2% (2011 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
18.742 million 23.74 million 26.876 million 28.834 million 30.549 million

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
4% 6% 13% 19%
Population median age

23.6 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.24% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

70.7 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 63.9%
Male: 76.4%
Female: 53.1% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

14.7% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.8 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 4 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 2.98%   Mobile 96.75% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

17.58% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

N/A

CO2 emissions emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

0.2 (2013)

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