Source
Central bank

Reserve Bank of New Zealand

International Reserves

USD 14.7 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 192.8 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 183.4 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
2.8% 3.9% -0.4% 0.3% 2.1% 1.8% 2.8%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.7% 3% 3% 2.8% 2.7%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 40,596.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 38,620.4 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.22% 0.19% 0.17% 0.15% 0.1%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 4.2% 
  • industry: 26.5% 
  • services: 69.2% 

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.2% (2013)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
1.1% 1.2% 0.3% 0.7% 1.6%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.8% 5.4% 5.4% 5.3% 5.5%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

2.1% (Total, 2013)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
30.8% 30.3% 29.9% 29.9% 29.2%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-1% -0.3% -0.2% -0.4% -0.3%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AA

Moody's: Aaa

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 66 billion USD 74.4 billion USD 74.4 billion
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -6.8 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.5% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

28.0% (2014)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.2% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.3% (2015)

Total exports

USD 32.0 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Dairy products, meat and edible offal, logs and wood articles, fruit, crude oil, wine

Total imports

USD 34.8 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Petroleum and products, mechanical machinery, vehicles and parts, electrical machinery, textiles

Exports - major partners

China 17.5%, Australia 16.9%, US 11.8%, Japan 6% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 19.4%, Australia 11.8%, US 11.7%, Japan 6.6%, Germany 4.7%, Thailand 4.2% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,832 million USD 2,495 million USD -986 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 525 million USD 73 million USD 214 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 113.2 million USD 898.5 million USD -462.3 million USD -3949.9 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 1 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 1 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 13 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 1 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 1 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 1 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 55 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 11 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 1 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 34 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 34 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

13 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 3 / Score: 81.56 (Free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+12

Total area

 267,710 sq km

Capital

Wellington

Currency

New Zealand dollars (NZD)

Government type

Parliamentary democracy (New Zealand Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm

Languages

English (de facto official) 89.8%, Maori (de jure official) 3.5%, Samoan 2%, Hindi 1.6%, French 1.2%, Northern Chinese 1.2%, Yue 1%, other or not stated 20.5%, New Zealand Sign Language (de jure official) (2013 est.)

Religions

Christian 44.3% (Catholic 11.6%, Anglican 10.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 7.8%, Methodist, 2.4%, Pentecostal 1.8%, other 9.9%), Hindu 2.1%, Buddhist 1.4%, Maori Christian 1.3%, Islam 1.1%, other religion 1.4% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism and New Age religions, Baha'i, Asian religions other than Buddhism), no religion 38.5%, not stated or unidentified 8.2%, objected to answering 4.1%  percentages add up to more than 100% because people were able to identify more than one religion (2013 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
3.425 million 3.873 million 4.374 million 4.712 million 4.904 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
76% 83% 86% 86%
Population median age

37.8 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.8% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

81.2 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

N/A

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 40.25%   Mobile 121.83% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

88.22% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Auckland: 98th 
Wellington: 123rd

(2016)

CO2 emissions

7.6 (2013)

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2013

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