The Most Peaceful Countries In The World 2019

The Most Peaceful Countries In The World 2019

Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) reveals the most peaceful countries in the world. Despite living in the most peaceful century in human history, the world has become less peaceful over the last decade. 

 
 
Source
Central bank

Reserve Bank of New Zealand

International Reserves

USD 17.7 billion (2018)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved October 2019

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 203.4 billion (2018, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 197.8 billion (2018, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
4% -0.4% 0.3% 2% 1.9% 2.5% 2.2%
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*    
3.1% 4% 4.2% 2.6% 3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 41,266.9 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 40,135.4 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2019*
0.22% 0.19% 0.17% 0.15% 0.15%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 5.7% 
  • industry: 21.5% 
  • services: 72.8% 

(2017 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1.2% (2015)

OECD, data retrieved October 2019

Inflation
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
0.3% 0.6% 1.9% 1.6% 1.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
5.4% 5.1% 4.7% 4.3% 4.3%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

-1.4% (2017)

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
34.4% 33.5% 31.6% 29.8% 29.6%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
0.2% 0.9% 1.1% 0.8% 0.1%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AA

Moody's: Aaa

Standard & Poor's / Moody's 

Market value of publicly traded shares
2016 2017 2018
USD 66 billion USD 74.4 billion USD 74.4 billion
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -7.8 billion (2018 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-3.8 % (2018 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

27.6% (2017)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.20% (2018)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.29% (2018)

Total exports

USD 56.7 billion (2018 estimate)

Export commodities

Dairy products, meat and edible offal, logs and wood articles, fruit, crude oil, wine

Total imports

USD 57.1 billion (2018 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Petroleum and products, mechanical machinery, vehicles and parts, electrical machinery, textiles

Exports - major partners

China 22.4%, Australia 16.4%, US 9.9%, Japan 6.1% (2017)

Imports - major partners

China 19%, Australia 12.1%, US 10.5%, Japan 7.3%, Germany 5.3%, Thailand 4.6% (2017)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 3,069 million USD 2,538 million USD 1,404 million
FDI outflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 8 million USD -223 million USD 404 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2015 2016 2017 2018
USD -3,935 million USD 289 million USD 565 million USD -854 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking:

1 out of 190 countries

Starting a Business:

1 out of 190 countries
Dealing with Construction Permits: 7 out of 190 countries
Getting Electricity: 48 out of 190 countries
Registering Property: 2 out of 190 countries
Getting Credit: 1 out of 190 countries
Protecting Minority Investors: 3 out of 190 countries
Paying Taxes: 9 out of 190 countries
Trading across Borders: 63 out of 190 countries
Enforcing Contracts: 23 out of 190 countries
Resolving Insolvency: 36 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

19 out of 141 countries

(2019)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 3 / Score: 84.4 (Free)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

268,838 sq km

Capital

Wellington

Currency

New Zealand dollars (NZD)

Government type

Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm

Languages

English (de facto official) 95.4%, Maori (de jure official) 4%, Samoan 2.2%, Northern Chinese 2%, Hindi 1.5%, French 1.2%, Yue 1.1%, New Zealand Sign Language (de jure official) .5%, other or not stated 17.2% (2018 est.)

Religions

Christian 37.3% (Catholic 10.1%, Anglican 6.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 5.2%, Pentecostal 1.8%, Methodist 1.6%, Mormon 1.2%, other 10.7%), Hindu 2.7%, Maori 1.3%, Muslim, 1.3%, Buddhist 1.1%, other religion 1.6% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism and

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2015 2020*
3.43 million 3.87 million 4.37 million 4.65 million 5.14 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2018
76% 83.4% 86% 86.5%
Population median age

38.1 years

Population growth rate

0.77% (2018 estimate)

Life expectancy

81.4 years (2018 estimate)

Literacy

N/A

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Free
Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2019)
(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed: 37.1% Mobile: 134.9% (2018)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

90.81 % (2017)

Mercer Cost of living index

Auckland: 89th
Wellington: 114th

(2019)

CO2 emissions

7.69 metric tons per capita (2014)

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