Source
Central bank

Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)

International Reserves

N/A

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 9.2 billion (2019, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 23.5 billion (2018, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*
7.5% 4.3% 4.9% 4.9% 5.2%

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 477.1 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 1,216.8 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total

0.2% (2019)

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 39.7% 
  • industry: 15.9% 
  • services: 38.3%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
1% 0.2% 0.2% 2.7% -1.3%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate

N/A

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
39.9% 44.6% 54.4% 53.8% 55.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
9% -6.1% -5.7% -4.1% -4.2%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares

N/A

Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 1.7 billion (2018 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-18.1% (2018 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

16.6% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2018)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.004% (2018)

Total exports

USD 1.1 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions

Total imports

USD 3.3 billion (2018 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals

Exports - major partners

France 30.2%, Thailand 18.3%, Malaysia 9.9%, Nigeria 8.3%, Mali 5%, Switzerland 4.9% (2017)

Imports - major partners

France 28.8%, China 14.4%, Malaysia 5.7%, Nigeria 5.4%, Thailand 5.3%, US 5.1%, India 4.9% (2017)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 101 million USD 89 million USD 52 million
FDI outflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 101 million USD 89 million USD 52 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD -185.0 million N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 150 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 88 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 150 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 125 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 139 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 145 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 132 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 165 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 179 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 166 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 105 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

N/A

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 129 / Score: 54.26 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

1.267 million sq km

Capital

Niamey

Currency

Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)

Government type

Semi-presidential republic

Languages

French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Religions

Muslim 99.3%, Christian .3%, animist .2%, none .1% (2012 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010* 2015* 2020*
8.2 million 11.3 million 16.5 million 20 million 24.2 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2018
15.4% 22% 34.8% 50.3%
Population median age

15.5 years (2018 estimate)

Population growth rate

3.16% (2018 estimate)

Life expectancy

56.3 years (2018 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 19.1% 
Male: 27.3% 
Female: 11%
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

76.9% (2014 estimate)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

34.3 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Partly Free
Political Rights: 4
Civil Liberties: 4 (2019)
(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed: 0.5% Mobile: 40.6% (2017) (fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

5.25% (2018)

Mercer Cost of living index

N/A

CO2 emissions

0.11 (2014)

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