Source
Central bank

Narodowy Bank Polski

International Reserves

USD 117.0 billion (2018)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved October 2019

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 586.0 billion (2018, estimate)

IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2019

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 1,212.9 billion (2018, estimate)

IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2019

Real GDP growth
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*
3.3% 3.8% 3.1% 4.8% 5.1%

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 15,430.9 (2018, estimate)

IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2019

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 31,938.7 (2018, estimate)

IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2019

GDP (PPP) - share of world total

0.9% (2019, estimate)

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 2.4% 
  • industry: 40.2% 
  • services: 57.4%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

1% (2017)

OECD, retrieved October 2019

 

Inflation
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*
-0.9% -0.6% 2.0% 1.6% 2.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*
1.8% 1.2% 0.4% 1.4% 0.8%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

-0.9% (2017)

OECD / Household savings

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*
51.3% 54.2% 50.6% 48.9% 47.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2014 2015 2016 2017* 2018*
-2.7% -2.2% -1.5% -0.4% -1.5%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: A–

Moody's: A2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated as of January 24th 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2016 2017 2018
USD 138.7 billion USD 201.4 billion USD 160.5 billion
Largest companies

PKN Orlen, Grupa PZU, PKO Bank Polski, Pgnig Group, Bank Pekao, PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna, Grupa LOTOS

Forbes Global 2000 (2019)

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -3.3 billion (2018 estimate)

IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2019

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-0.6 % (2018 estimate)

IMF - World Economic Outlook, October 2019

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

55.3% (2018)

World Bank - World Development Indicators (updated Oct 2019)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.34% (2018)

World Trade Organization

Shares in world total commercial services export

1.20% (2018)

World Trade Organization

Total exports

USD 323.2 billion (2018 estimate)

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Export commodities

Machinery and transport equipment 37.8%, intermediate manufactured goods 23.7%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 17.1%, food and live animals 7.6% (2012 est.)

Total imports

USD 303.4 billion (2018 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and transport equipment 38%, intermediate manufactured goods 21%, chemicals 15%, minerals, fuels, lubricants, and related materials 9% (2011 est.)

Exports - major partners

Germany 27.4%, Czech Republic 6.4%, UK 6.4%, France 5.6%, Italy 4.9%, Netherlands 4.4%(2017)

Imports - major partners

Germany 27.9%, China 8%, Russia 6.4%, Netherlands 6%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.2%, Czech Republic 4% (2017)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 15,690 million USD 9,179 million USD 11,476 million
FDI outflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 11,600 million USD 2,770 million USD 864 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2015 2016 2017 2018
USD 520 million USD 316 million USD 131 million USD 1928 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

Best countries for doing business

Overall ranking: 40 out of 190 countries (2019)

Subcategories:

Starting a Business: 128 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 55 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 39 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 60 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 92 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 37 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 51 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 77 out of 190 countries

Trading across Borders: 1 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 55 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 25 out of 190 countries

World Bank - Doing Business 2019

Global competitiveness ranking

37 out of 141 countries

World Economic Forum - The Global Competitiveness Index 2019

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 46 / Score: 67.8 (Moderately free)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

312,685 sq km

Capital

Warsaw 

Currency

Zlotych (PLN) 

Government type

Parliamentary republic

Languages

Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3% (2011 est.)

Religions

Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
38.186 million 38.263 million 38.023 million 37.967 million 37.912 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
48% 58% 62% 61%
Population median age

40.3 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

-0.11% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

77.6 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 99.8%
Male: 99.9%
Female: 99.7% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

0% (2014)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

32.1 (2014)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 2 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 23.69%   Mobile 142.69% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

68% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Warsaw: 177th (2016)

CO2 emissions

7.9 (2013)

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