Source
Central bank

Bank of Sudan

International Reserves

USD 0.18 billion (2017)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved October 2019

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 33.9 billion (2018, estimate)

 

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 177.7 billion (2018, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2014* 2015* 2016* 2017* 2018*
4.7% 1.9% 2.9% 1.7% -2.1%

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 807.5 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 4,232.0 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total

0.12% (2019 estimate)

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 31.5% 
  • industry: 2.4% 
  • services: 49.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
16.9% 17.8% 32.4% 63.3% 50.4%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
21.6% 20.6% 19.6% 19.5% 22.1%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
92.2% 128.4% 159.2% 212.1% 207.0%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
-3.8% -4.4% -6.5% -7.7% -5.4%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares

N/A

Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -4.7 billion (2018 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-13.6% (2018 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

10.2% (2018)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.02% (2018)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.03% (2018)

Total exports

USD 5.0 billion (2018 estimate)

Export commodities

Gold; oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, peanuts, gum Arabic, sugar

Total imports

USD 8.2 billion (2018 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines, chemicals, textiles, wheat

Exports - major partners

UAE 55.5%, Egypt 14.7%, Saudi Arabia 8.8% (2017)

Imports - major partners

UAE 12.7%, Egypt 10.6%, India 10.5%, Turkey 10.2%, Japan 7.6%, Saudi Arabia 6%, Germany 4.6% (2017)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 1,064 million USD 1,065 million USD 1,136 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Overall ranking: 171 out of 190 countries (2019)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 157 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 124 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 162 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 95 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 176 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 153 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 164 out of 190 countries

Trading across Borders: 185 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 148 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 152 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

N/A

Index of Economic Freedom

N/A 

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+3

Total area

1,861,484 sq km

Capital

Khartoum

Currency

Sudanese pounds (SDG)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur

Religions

 Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2015 2020*
25.75 million 31.1 million 40.1 million 38.4 million 44.4 million

*Estimate  

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2020
11% 20% 33% 34%
Population median age

17.9 years (2018 estimate)

Population growth rate

2.93% (2018 estimate)

Life expectancy

65.8 years (2018 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 75.9%
Male: 83.3%
Female: 68.6% (2018 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 7 (2019)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 0.30%   Mobile 72% (2018)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

30.87% (2017)

Mercer Cost of living index

N/A

CO2 emissions

0.3 metric tons (2014)

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