Source
Central bank

Swiss National Bank

International Reserves

USD 568.6 billion (2015)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 684.4 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 511.6 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
4.2% 4.1% 2.2% -2.1% 2.9% 1.9% 1.1%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
1.8% 1.9% 0.8% 1% 1.3%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 81,314.1 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 60,786.7 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.81% 0.74% 0.55% 0.45% 0.4%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 0.7% 
  • industry: 25.9% 
  • services: 73.4%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

3% (2012)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-0.2% 0.0% -1.1% -0.4% 0.0%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
3.2% 3.0% 3.2% 3.5% 3.4%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

19% (Total, 2015)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*
46.4% 45.7% 45.7% 44.7% 43.7%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*
-0.2% -0.2% -0.2% -0.3% -0.3%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's: Aaa

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 1540.7 billion USD 1495.3 billion USD 1519.3 billion
Largest companies

Nestle, Novartis, UBS, Roche Holding, Swiss Re, Zurich Insurance Group, Chubb, ABB, Richemont, Glencore International, Swiss Life Holding, Syngenta, Credit Suisse Group, Swisscom, TE Connectivity, LafargeHolcim, Wolseley, Swatch Group, Kuehne + Nagel, Bâloise Group, Schindler Holding, Tyco International, Transocean, Helvetia Holding, Adecco, SGS, Givaudan, Julius Baer Group, Actelion, Sika, Weatherford International, BCV Group, Lindt & Sprungli, Geberit, Coca-Cola HBC, EMS-Chemie Holding, Partners Group Holding, Basler Kantonalbank, Dufry AG, Noble, Luzerner Kantonalbank, Sonova Holding, St Galler Kantonalbank, Galenica, BEKB-BCBE.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 61.3 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

9.0% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

62.9% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

1.8% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

2.3% (2015)

Total exports

USD 301.1 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products

Total imports

USD 243.4 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles

Exports - major partners

Germany 14.2%, US 10.6%, Hong Kong 8.7%, India 7.3%, China 6.9%, France 6.1%, Italy 5.4%, UK 4.8% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Germany 20.7%, UK 12.8%, US 8.1%, Italy 7.8%, France 6.7%, China 5.1% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 646 million USD 6,635 million USD 68,838 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 38,557 million USD -3,327 million USD 70,277 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD 16356.6 million USD 5578.6 million USD 9566.8 million USD 39971.1 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

Roche Holding AG, InterMune Inc, United States, USD 8.3 billion / Mercuria Energy Group Ltd, JPMorgan Chase & Co-Physical Commodities Business, United States, USD 3.5 billion

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Holcim Ltd, Lafarge SA, France, USD 20.6 billion / Novartis AG, GlaxoSmithKline PLC-Oncology Business, United Kingdom, USD 16.0 billion

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 31 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 71 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 39 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 16 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 62 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 106 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 37 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 18 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 68 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 7 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 45 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

1 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 4 / Score: 81.03 (Free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

41,277 sq km 

Capital

Bern

Currency

Swiss francs (CHF)

Government type

Federal republic (formally a confederation)

Languages

German (official) 63.5%, French (official) 22.5%, Italian (official) 8.1%, English 4.4%, Portuguese 3.4%, Albanian 3.1%, Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2.2%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 6.6%

Note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national and official languages; totals more than 100% because some respondents indicated more than one main language (2013 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 38.2%, Protestant 26.9%, Muslim 4.9%, other Christian 5.7%, other 1.6%, none 21.4%, unspecified 1.3% (2012 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
6.674 million 7.164 million 7.786 million 8.325 million 8.819 million

*Estimate  

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
51% 57% 73% 74%
Population median age

42.2 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.7% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

82.6 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

N/A

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

31.6 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 50.25%   Mobile 136.47% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

87.48% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Zurich: 3rd
Geneva: 8th
Bern: 13th

(2016)

CO2 emissions

5.0 (2013)

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