Measuring GDP In Civil War

Although the frequency of civil wars has fallen in recent decades, civil conflict in the Middle East has become ever more prevalent since the Arab Spring. A number of nations, including Syria, Tunisia, Libya, Iraq and others, have experienced either ...

 
 
Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Syria

International Reserves

USD 20.6 billion (2010)

World Bank, data retrieved January 2017

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

N/A

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

N/A

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.1% 5.7% 4.5% 5.9% 3.4% N/A N/A
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017    
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

N/A

GDP per capita - PPP

N/A

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017
0.15% 0.14% 0.15% 0.16% N/A

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 19.5% 
  • industry: 19% 
  • services: 61.5%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
-7.8 % N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate 

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: N/A

Moody's: N/A

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A
Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

N/A

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

N/A

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

38.6% (2007)

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.01% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.06% (2011)

Total exports

USD 2.3 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat

Total imports

USD 6.0 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper

Exports - major partners

Iraq 64.7%, Saudi Arabia 11.2%, Kuwait 7.1%, UAE 6.1%, Libya 4.6% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Saudi Arabia 28%, UAE 13.7%, Iran 10.1%, Turkey 9%, Iraq 8.3%, China 6.1% (2015)

Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A USD 0.8 million N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 173 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 136 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 159 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 154 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 170 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 87 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 176 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 81 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 187 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 151 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 161 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

N/A

Index of Economic Freedom

N/A

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+2

Total area

185,180 sq km

Capital

Damascus

Currency

Syrian pounds (SYP)

Government type

Presidential republic; highly authoritarian regime

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)

Religions

Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
12.721 million 16.511 million 21.393 million N/A N/A

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
37% 47% 52% 58%
Population median age

24.1 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

1.56% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

74.9 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 86.4%
Male: 91.7%
Female: 81% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

N/A

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 7
Civil Liberties: 7 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 15.90%   Mobile 64.28% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

29.98% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

N/A

CO2 emissions

1.9 (2013)

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