Source
Central bank

Netherlands Bank

International Reserves

USD 14.3 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 799.8 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 898.7 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
3.5% 3.7% 1.7% -3.8% 1.4% 1.7% -1.1%
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*    
-0.2% 1.4% 2% 1.7% 1.6%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 46,828.8 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 52,618.2 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
1.29% 1.19% 1.08% 0.85% 0.7%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 1.6% 
  • industry: 17.8% 
  • services: 70.4%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

2% (2014)

OECD, data retrieved January 2017

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
2.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1% 0.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
7.3% 7.4% 6.9% 6.7% 6.5%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

6% (Total, 2015)

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
67.7% 67.9% 65.1% 63.5% 61.8%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-2.4% -2.3% -1.9% -1.1% -0.7%

*Estimate

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AAA

Moody's: Aaa

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
USD 817.8 billion USD 786.6 billion USD 728.5 billion
Largest companies

Royal Dutch Shell, ING Group, Unilever, LyondellBasell Industries, Heineken Holding, NN Group, Aegon, Philips, Royal Ahold, Ageas, Akzo Nobel, NXP Semiconductors, ASML Holding, HAL Trust, AerCap Holdings, KPN, Randstad Holding, VimpelCom, Delta Lloyd, DSM, Wolters Kluwer, Chicago Bridge & Iron.

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD 65.5 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

8.2% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

82.5% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

3.4% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

3.7% (2015)

Total exports

USD 460.1 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs

Total imports

USD 376.3 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs, clothing

Exports - major partners

Germany 24.5%, Belgium 11.1%, UK 9.3%, France 8.4%, Italy 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

Germany 14.7%, China 14.5%, Belgium 8.2%, US 8.1%, UK 5.1% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 51,375 million USD 52,198 million USD 72,649 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 69,974 million USD 55,966 million USD 113,429 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
USD -1091.8 million USD -3142.1 million USD -1340.0 million USD 20274.8 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

AerCap Holdings NV, International Lease Finance Corp, United States, USD 5.4 billion / Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Repsol SA-Liquefied Natural Gas Business, Peru, USD 4.6 billion / PPF Group NV, Telefonica Czech Republic as, Czech Republic, USD 3.3 billion

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Genesis International Holdings NV, Steinhoff International Holdings Ltd, South Africa, USD 20.4 billion / DE Master Blenders 1753 BV-Coffee Business, Mondelez International Inc-Coffee Business, Netherlands, USD 4.2 billion

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 28 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 22 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 71 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 29 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 82 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 70 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 1 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 20 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 87 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 45 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 11 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

4 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 16 / Score: 74.55 (Mostly free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

41,543 sq km (2014)

Capital

Amsterdam (2014)

Currency

euros (EUR) (2014)

Government type

constitutional monarchy (2014)

Languages

Dutch (official) note: Frisian, Low Saxon, and Limburgish are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages 

Religions

Roman Catholic 28%, Protestant 19% (includes Dutch Reformed 9%, Protestant Church of The Netherlands, 7%, Calvinist 3%), other 11% (includes about 5% Muslim and lesser numbers of Hindu, Buddhist, Jehovah's Witness, and Orthodox), none 42% (2009 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
14.952 million 15.926 million 16.615 million 16.84 million 17.023 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000

2013

59.8% 65% 77% 89%
Population median age

42.1 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.42% (2014 estimate)

Life expectancy

81.12 years (2014 estimate)

Adult literacy

99% (2003 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

0.4% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

28.9 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 42.5%  Mobile 113.7%
(2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

93.96% (2013)
 

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Amsterdam 39th (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

11.0 (2010)
 

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