Source
Central bank

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

International Reserves

USD 125.0 billion (2018)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved October 2019

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 20,494.1 billion (2018, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 20,494.1 billion (2018, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
2.5% 2.9% 1.6% 2.2% 2.9%*

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 62,605.6 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 62,605.6 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total

15% (2019, estimate)

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 0.9% 
  • industry: 18.2% 
  • services: 77.4%

(2017 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

2.8% (2017)

OECD, data retrieved October 2019

Inflation
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
0.1% 1.3% 2.1% 2.4%* 1.8%*

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
5.3% 4.9% 4.4% 3.9% 3.7%*

*Estimate

Household saving rates

6.9% (2017)

Public Debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2018 2018 2019
104.7% 106.8% 106.0% 104.3%* 106.2%*

*Estimate

Public Deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
-3.6% -4.3% -4.5% -5.7%* -5.6%*

*Estimate  

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: AA+

Moody's: Aaa

Standard & Poor's / Moody's 

Market value of publicly traded shares
2016 2017 2018
USD 27,352.2 billion USD 32,120.7 billion USD 30,436.3 billion
Largest companies

Agilent Technologies, Markel, Welltower, Twitter, Illumina, Steel Dynamics, Boston Properties, American Water Works, Goodyear, Annaly Capital Management, Paychex, Bunge, Westlake Chemical, KLA-Tencor, Monster Beverage, Ally Financial, Northern Trust, American Tower, CME Group, Kraft Heinz Company, Colgate-Palmolive, Boston Scientific, Kimberly-Clark, CBS, Dollar General, DISH Network, Keurig Dr Pepper, PPL, Royal Caribbean Cruises, McKesson, American Equity Investment, Spirit AeroSystems, First Horizon National, Synopsys, Church & Dwight, Xylem, Total System Services, Tapestry, Red Hat, Waters, Pinnacle West, Vornado Realty, Reliance Steel, AECOM Technology, Huntsman, American Express, MetLife, PepsiCo, Oracle, Prudential Financial, US Bancorp, Ford Motor, Merck & Co., Caterpillar, Home Depot, Capital One Financial, Coca-Cola, Walgreens Boots Alliance, Anthem, PNC Financial Services, Ansys, Albemarle, IDEXX Laboratories, PacWest Bancorp, Palo Alto Networks, SBA Communications, Hyatt Hotels, Tenneco, Core-Mark Holding, Hanesbrands, Liberty Broadband, Berry Global Group, Juniper Networks, Broadridge Financial, Chipotle Mexican Grill, Ares Capital, Newell Brands, SLM, SYNNEX, Copart, Toll Brothers, Mr. Cooper Group, Burlington Stores,, Avis Budget Group, Invitation Homes, Foot Locker, Alaska Air Group, Square, Ralph Lauren, Rite Aid, AutoNation, Starwood Property Trust, Community Health Systems, Vulcan Materials, News Corp, Frontier Communications, New York Community Bancorp, UGI, NiSource, ServiceNow, Workday, Alcoa, Old Dominion Freight Line, Citrix Systems, Tiffany & Co., Avery Dennison, Hertz Global Holdings, Symantec, Kansas City Southern, Match Group, SS&C Technologies, Autodesk, Alexandria Real Estate Equities, PBF Energy, Align Technology, INTL FCStone, BOK Financial, Essex Property Trust, Cullen/Frost Bankers, Baxter International, Devon Energy, Eversource Energy, Oneok, TD Ameritrade Holding, Parker-Hannifin, Kellogg, WEC Energy Group, Prologis, Republic Services, D.R. Horton, Ross Stores, Activision Blizzard, Analog Devices, Viacom, CarMax, CenturyLink, Fortive, Concho Resources, Raymond James Financial, First Republic Bank, Edison International, AutoZone, Macy's, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Textron, O'Reilly Automotive, Comerica, Genuine Parts, PG&E, Celgene, American Electric, PayPal, EOG Resources, Archer Daniels Midland, Mastercard, Kinder Morgan, SunTrust Banks, Discover Financial Services, CSX, Starbucks, Fannie Mae, Tyson Foods, Becton Dickinson, Automatic Data Processing, Cigna, Honeywell International, ConocoPhillips, United Parcel Service, Visa, AbbVie, Phillips 66, Marathon Petroleum, Costco Wholesale, Amgen, Bank of New York Mellon, Broadcom, Lockheed Martin, Duke Energy, FedEx, Comcast, Johnson & Johnson, Intel, Goldman Sachs Group, Morgan Stanley, Boeing, Procter & Gamble, Pfizer, General Motors, IBM, Facebook, Walt Disney, Cisco Systems, United Technologies, DowDuPont, Credit Acceptance, Owens Corning, LiveRamp Holdings, Cadence Design, Extra Space Storage, Zebra Technologies, Air Lease, CoStar Group, Sears Holdings, Western Alliance Bancorp., Cimarex Energy, VICI Properties, BJ's Wholesale Club, IBERIABANK, F5 Networks, Darden Restaurants, Clorox, BorgWarner, Ulta Beauty, Molina Healthcare, Interpublic Group, Evergy, PVH, Host Hotels & Resorts, Whirlpool, TransDigm Group, Aramark, PulteGroup, Xilinx, Schroders, Discovery, Williams, S&P Global, Intuit, LabCorp, E-Trade Financial, MGM Resorts, Ameren, Brighthouse Financial, Hilton, Amphenol, SVB Financial Group, Unum, Eastman Chemical, Conagra Brands, Dollar Tree, Ball, Yum! Brands, CDW, Arconic, IQVIA, Vertex Pharmaceuticals, AvalonBay Communities, Fiserv, Qurate Retail Group, Altice USA, WW Grainger, Gap, American Financial Group, CenterPoint Energy, East West Bancorp, New Residential Investment, Fastenal, Henry Schein, FleetCor Technologies, Torchmark, McCormick, Apache, NVR, Skyworks Solutions, Huntington Ingalls Industries, AGNC Investment, Signature Bank, Cerner, Ametek, Fidelity National Information, Huntington Bank, Molson Coors Brewing, AES, Tesla, Fox, Lam Research, Pioneer Natural Resources, VF, Reinsurance Group of America, Cardinal Health, Crown Castle International, CBRE Group, Stanley Black & Decker, WestRock, Hartford Financial Services, CVS Health, Marriott International, AmerisourceBergen, Biogen, Netflix, Applied Materials, Paccar, Sysco, Emerson Electric, International Paper, Halliburton, Salesforce.com, Consolidated Edison, General Mills, Humana, Stryker, Freddie Mac, Booking Holdings, Ameriprise Financial, American Airlines Group, Norfolk Southern, Lincoln National, General Electric, TJX Cos, Southwest Airlines, Freeport-McMoRan, Texas Instruments, Principal Financial Group, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America, Apple, Wells Fargo, ExxonMobil, AT&T, Citigroup, Microsoft, Alphabet, Chevron, Verizon Communications, Berkshire Hathaway, Amazon, Walmart, UnitedHealth Group, Keysight Technologies, Lyft, Wintrust Financial, Associated Banc-Corp, Booz Allen Hamilton Holding, CBOE Global Markets, Bank OZK, Snap, IDEX, Bed Bath & Beyond, Incyte, JC Penney, Lear, Kohl's, Zoetis, Weyerhaeuser, Cheniere Energy, L3 Technologies, United Rentals, Arrow Electronics, Marathon Oil, Hormel Foods, Alliance Data Systems, Franklin Resources, Hershey, CMS Energy, Roper Technologies, Liberty Expedia Holdings, US Foods, Nordstrom, Chesapeake Energy, Targa Resources, Advance Auto Parts, Popular, Campbell Soup, Microchip Technology, Verisk Analytics, Alleghany, Jones Lang LaSalle, J.B. Hunt Transport Services, Coty, VeriSign, LKQ, Digital Realty Trust, Crown Holdings, Jacobs Engineering, Leidos, Dover, L Brands, DaVita, Ventas, Tenet Healthcare, Tractor Supply, National Oilwell Varco, Fidelity National Financial, Manpower, Navient, Maxim Integrated Products, Packaging Corp of America, Cincinnati Financial, IAC/InterActiveCorp, Global Payments, Penske Automotive, Live Nation Entertainment, XPO Logistics, Advanced Micro Devices, Assurant, NASDAQ, People's United Financial, Tech Data, McDonald's, BB&T, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Danaher, Northrop Grumman, HP, Nike, Dominion Resources, Occidental Petroleum, Kroger, Raytheon, United Continental Holdings, Qualcomm, Carnival, State Street, Moody's, Cintas, Gallagher, Continental Resources, WellCare Health Plans, Celanese, Interactive Brokers Group, Mohawk Industries, NetApp, Universal Health, Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings, Vistra Energy, Invesco, Mosaic, Harris, Motorola Solutions, T Rowe Price, Expedia Group, Public Storage, Zions Bancorp, C.H. Robinson, WR Berkley, Voya Financial, Electronic Arts, HollyFrontier, Intuitive Surgical, Diamondback Energy, JM Smucker, Zimmer Biomet, Rockwell Automation, Navistar International, Commerce Bank, Old Republic International, Oshkosh, Medical Properties Trust, International Flavors & Fragrances, FMC, F.N.B., Chimera Investment, Cleveland-cliffs, Splunk, Murphy USA, United Natural Foods,, Veeva Systems, Omnicom Group, FirstEnergy, Anadarko Petroleum, Regions Financial, Simon Property Group, Corning, The Estée Lauder Companies, Loews, VMware, Best Buy, First Data, Air Products & Chemicals, Entergy, PPG, Western Digital, Public Service Enterprise Group, Adobe, Ecolab, DXC Technology, M&T Bank, Constellation Brands, Illinois Tool Works, Cognizant, DTE Energy, KeyCorp, NVIDIA, eBay, Citizens Financial Group, Nucor, Sherwin-Williams, Realty Income, Alliant Energy, Alexion Pharmaceuticals, CIT Group, MSCI, Mettler-Toledo International, Xerox, Western Union, Jefferies Financial, Caesars Entertainment, Chemours, ON Semiconductor Corp., Jabil Circuit, Noble Energy, World Fuel Services, Southern Company, 3M, Schlumberger, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Aflac, Allstate, Travelers, Mondelēz International, Target, Lowe's, General Dynamics, Eli Lilly, Charles Schwab, Progressive, HCA Healthcare, Union Pacific, Synchrony Financial, NextEra Energy, Deere & Company, Abbott Laboratories, Gilead Sciences, Exelon, Delta Air Lines, Charter Communications, Micron Technology, Altria Group, Valero Energy, Philip Morris International, BlackRock, W.P. Carey, Wayfair, Snap-on, Nielsen, Sterling Bancorp, Avnet, Cabot Oil & Gas, Synovus Financial, Fluor, ResMed, Atmos Energy, Arista Networks, Martin Marietta Materials, Performance Food Group, First Citizens Bank, Waste Management, Sempra Energy, American International Group, IntercontinentalExchange, Fifth Third Bank, Dell Technologies, Centene, BAE Systems, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Cummins, Marsh & McLennan, Xcel Energy, Las Vegas Sands, Lennar, Wynn Resorts, Equinix, Newmont Mining, Masco, Edwards Lifesciences, NRG Energy, US Steel, Expeditors International, Hess, Worldpay, Genworth Financial, HCP, Equity Residential, Quest Diagnostics, Brown-Forman

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -518.5 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-2.7% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

12.6% (2015)

 

Shares in world total merchandising export

9.1% (2015)​

 

Shares in world total commercial services export

14.38% (2012)

Total exports

USD 1,471.0 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9.2%, industrial supplies (organic chemicals) 26.8%, capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment) 49.0%, consumer goods (automobiles, medicines) 15.0% (2008 estimate)

Total imports

USD 2205.0 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

agricultural products 4.9%, industrial supplies 32.9% (crude oil 8.2%), capital goods 30.4% (computers, telecommunications equipment, motor vehicle parts, office machines, electric power machinery), consumer goods 31.8% (automobiles, clothing, medicines, (2008 estimate)

Exports - major partners

Canada 18.6%, Mexico 15.7%, China 7.7%, Japan 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

China 21.5%, Canada 13.2%, Mexico 13.2%, Japan 5.9%, Germany 5.5% (2015)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 471,792 million USD 277,258 million USD 251,814 million
FDI outflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 289,261 million USD 300,378 million USD -63,550 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2015 2016 2017 2018
USD 127,879 million USD 78,382 million USD 115,333 million USD 253,354 million
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

Verizon Communications Inc, Verizon Wireless Inc, United States, USD 130.3 billion / Walgreen Co, Alliance Boots GmbH, Switzerland, USD 15.3 billion / Burger King Worldwide Inc, Tim Hortons Inc, Canada, USD 13.4 billion / SAP America Inc, Concur Technologies Inc, United States, USD 9.1 billion / Blackstone Group LP, Gates Corp, United States, USD 5.4 billion / Microsoft Corp, Nokia Oyj-Devices & Services Business, Finland, USD 5.0 billion / Enterprise Products Partners LP, Oiltanking Partners LP, United States, USD 4.6 billion / Fiat North America LLC, Chrysler Group LLC, United States, USD 3.7 billion / Abbott Laboratories, CFR Pharmaceutical SA, Chile, USD 3.3 billion / Investor Group, Nets Holding A/S, Denmark, USD 3.2 billion / Archer Daniels Midland Co, WILD Flavors GmbH, Switzerland, USD 3.1 billion / EnCana Oil & Gas(USA)Inc, Freeport-McMoRan Oil & Gas LLC- Eagle Ford Shale Assets, United States, USD 3.1 billion / Alcoa Inc, Firth Rixson Ltd, United Kingdom, USD 3.0 billion

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

Medtronic Inc, Covidien PLC, Ireland, USD 42.7 billion / General Electric Co-Energy Assets, Alstom SA-Energy Businesses, France, USD 10.7 billion / PetSmart Inc SPV, PetSmart Inc, United States, USD 8.4 billion / Honeywell International Inc, Elster Group GmbH, Germany, USD 6.6 billion / Mylan Inc, Abbott Laboratories-Non US Markets Specialty & Branded Generics Business, Netherlands, USD 5.7 billion / Eli Lilly & Co, Novartis AG-Animal Health Division, Switzerland, USD 5.4 billion / Platform Specialty Products Corp, Arysta Lifescience Ltd, Ireland, USD 3.5 billion / Otsuka America Inc, Avanir Pharmaceuticals Inc, United States, USD 3.4 billion / Investor Group, Verallia SA, France, USD 3.2 billion / CommScope Holding Co Inc, TE Connectivity Ltd-Broadband Network Solutions, Switzerland, USD 3.1 billion / Iberdrola USA Inc, UIL Holdings Corp, United States, USD 3.0 billion

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 8 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 51 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 20 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 36 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 2 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 41 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 35 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 36 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 39 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 36 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 5 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

3 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 11 / Score: 75.44 (Mostly free) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC-5

Total area

9,826,675 sq km
 

Capital

Washington, DC 

Currency

US Dollar (USD) 

Government type

Constitutional federal republic

Languages

English 79.2%, Spanish 12.9%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 3.3%, other 0.9% (2011 est.)

Note: data represents the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 31 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii

Religions

Protestant 46.5%, Roman Catholic 20.8%, Mormon 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, other Christian 0.9%, Jewish 1.9%, Muslim 0.9%, Buddhist 0.7%, Hindu 0.7%, other 1.8%, unaffiliated 22.8%, don't know/refused 0.6% (2014 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2015 2020
250.0 million 282.4 million 309.8 million 321.6 million 326.2 million*

*Estimate

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1980 1990 2000 2010 2015
73.7% 75.3% 79.1% 80.8% 81.6%
Population median age

37.9 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

0.81% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

79.8 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

N/A

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

N/A

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

41.1 (2013)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 1
Civil Liberties: 1 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 38.40%   Mobile 117.59% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

74.45% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

New York City: 11th
San Francisco: 26th
Los Angeles: 27th
hicago: 34th
Honolulu: 37th
Washington: 38th
Miami: 45th
Boston: 47th
White Plains: 61st
Dallas: 62nd
Morristown: 71st
Houston: 75th
Atlanta: 78th
Seattle: 83rd
Minneapolis: 91st
Detroit: 103rd
St. Louis: 108th
Cleaveland: 110th
Pittsburgh: 112th
Portland: 117th
Winston Salem: 147th

(2016)

CO2 emissions

16.4 (2013)

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