Source
Central bank

Central Bank of Tunisia

International Reserves

USD 5.9 billion (2016)

International Monetary Fund (IMF), data retrieved January 2017

Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 41.7 billion (2017, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 137.4 billion (2017, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
5.7% 6.3% 4.5% 3.1% 2.6% -1.9% 3.9%
2013 2014 2015* 2016* 2017*    
2.5% 2.3% 0.8% 1.5% 2.8%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 3,674.9 (2017, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 12,116.5 (2017, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2017*
0.11% 0.11% 0.12% 0.13% 0.1%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 10.1% 
  • industry: 28.3% 
  • services: 61.6%

(2016 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

Inflation
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
5.8% 4.9% 4.9% 3.7% 3.9%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2013* 2014* 2015* 2016* 2017*
15.3% 15.3% 15.0% 14.0% 13.0%

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

 

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
46.8% 51.6% 55.7% 59% 58.9%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017*
-7.4% -3.4% -4.4% -4.5% -3.6%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: BB-

Moody's: Ba3

Standard & Poor's / Moody's (Updated January 2017)

Market value of publicly traded shares
2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A

 

Largest companies in Tunisia

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -2.9 billion (2017 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-6.9% (2017 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP(Exports of goods and services)

40.8% (2015)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.09% (2015)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.06% (2015)

Total exports

USD 12.9 billion (2016 estimate)

Export commodities

Clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment

Total imports

USD 17.8 billion (2016 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs

Exports - major partners

France 28.5%, Italy 17.2%, Germany 10.9%, Libya 6.1%, Spain 4.2% (2015)

Imports - major partners

France 19.4%, Italy 16.4%, Algeria 8.2%, Germany 7.4%, China 6% (2015)

FDI inflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 1,117 million USD 1,063 million USD 1,002 million
FDI outflows
2013 2014 2015
USD 22 million USD 22 million USD 33 million
Value of cross-border M&A;, by country of purchaser
2012 2013 2014 2015
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A; deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015 (Acquiring company, Acquired company, Country of the acquired company, Value of the deal)

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business World Bank/IFC Doing Business Project

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking: 77 out of 190 countries (2017)

Subcategories:

Starting a business: 103 out of 190 countries

Enforcing Contracts: 76 out of 190 countries

Registering Property: 92 out of 190 countries

Getting Credit: 101 out of 190 countries

Protecting Minority Investors: 118 out of 190 countries

Trading Across Borders: 92 out of 190 countries

Paying Taxes: 106 out of 190 countries

Dealing with Construction Permits: 59 out of 190 countries

Getting Electricity: 40 out of 190 countries

Resolving Insolvency: 58 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking(ranking by country on a basis of 144, the first is the best)

95 out of 138 countries

(2016-2017)

Index of Economic FreedomWSJ and Heritage Foundation

Ranking: 114 / Score: 57.55 (Mostly unfree) (2016)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+1

Total area

163,610 sq km

Capital

Tunis

Currency

Tunisian dinars (TND)

Government type

republic

Languages

Arabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)

Religions

Muslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2014* 2019**
8.154 million 9.553 million 10.547 million 11.06 million 11.797 million

*Estimate    **Forecast

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2013
37.5% 51% 63% 66%
Population median age

31.4 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.92% (2014 est.)

Life expectancy

75.68 years  (2014 est.)

Adult literacy

 79.1% (2010 estimate)

% of population living on less than $2 a day

4.5% (2010)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

35.8 (2010)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 3 (2014)

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed  9.3%   Mobile  115.6% (2013)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

43.80% (2013)

Cost of living - Mercer index(ranking by city on a basis of 214; the 1st is the most expensive and the 214th is the least expensive)

Tunis 202nd (2014)

CO2 emissions(Metric tons of CO2 per capita)

2.5 (2010)

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2013

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