Source
Central bank

Bank of Uganda

International Reserves

USD 3.4 billion (2018)

World Bank, data retrieved October 2019

Source
Gross Domestic Product - GDP

USD 28.1 billion (2018, estimate)

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

Intl$ 97.0 billion (2018, estimate)

Real GDP growth
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
8.1% 10.4% 8.1% 7.7% 6.8% 2.2% 4.7%
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018*    
4.6% 5.7% 2.3% 5% 6.2%    

*Estimate

GDP per capita - current prices

USD 724.4 (2018, estimate)

GDP per capita - PPP

Intl$ 2,497.6 (2018, estimate)

GDP (PPP) - share of world total
1980 1990 2000 2010 2019*
0.03% 0.03% 0.04% 0.06% 0.07%

*Estimate

 
 
Source
GDP - composition by sector
  • agriculture: 24.2% 
  • industry: 19.9% 
  • services: 47.6%

(2018 estimate)

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D; (% of GDP)

N/A

 

Inflation
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019*
5.4% 5.5% 5.6% 2.6% 3.2%

*Estimate

Unemployment rate
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Estimate

Household saving rates

N/A

Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
34.3% 37.1% 39.7% 41.4% 43.6%

*Estimate

Public deficit (General government net lending/borrowing as a % of GDP)
2015 2016 2017 2018* 2019*
-4.7% -4.8% -3.8% -4.2% -6.6%

*Estimate   

Government bond ratings

Standard & Poor's: B

Moody's: B2

Standard & Poor's / Moody's 

Market value of publicly traded shares
2016 2017 2018
N/A N/A N/A

 

Largest companies

N/A

 
 
Source
Current account balance

USD -2.5 billion (2018 estimate)

Current account balance by percentage of GDP

-8.9% (2018 estimate)

Exports as percent of GDP (Exports of goods and services)

19.5% (2018)

Shares in world total merchandising export

0.02% (2018)

Shares in world total commercial services export

0.03% (2018)

Total exports

USD 5.1 billion (2018 estimate)

Export commodities

Coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold

Total imports

USD 8.2 billion (2018 estimate)

 
 
Source
Import commodities

Capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals

Exports - major partners

Kenya 17.7%, UAE 16.7%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 6.6%, Rwanda 6.1%, Italy 4.8%(2017)

Imports - major partners

China 17.4%, India 13.4%, UAE 12.2%, Kenya 7.9%, Japan 6.4%, Saudi Arabia 6.3%, Indonesia 4.4%, South Africa 4.1% (2017)

FDI inflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 626 million USD 803 million USD 1,337 million
FDI outflows
2016 2017 2018
USD 0.2 million USD 0.3 million USD 0.3 million
Value of cross-border M&A, by country of purchaser
2015 2016 2017 2018
N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2014

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Cross-border M&A deals worth over $3 billion completed in 2015

N/A

(for a monthly update on M&A; click here )

Best countries for doing business

Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

Overall ranking:

116 out of 190 countries

Subcategories:
Starting a Business: 169 out of 190 countries
Dealing with Construction Permits: 113 out of 190 countries
Getting Electricity: 168 out of 190 countries
Registering Property: 135 out of 190 countries
Getting Credit: 80 out of 190 countries
Protecting Minority Investors: 88 out of 190 countries
Paying Taxes: 92 out of 190 countries
Trading across Borders: 121 out of 190 countries
Enforcing Contracts: 77 out of 190 countries
Resolving Insolvency: 99 out of 190 countries

Global competitiveness ranking

115 out of 141 countries

(2019)

Index of Economic Freedom

Ranking: 95 / Score: 59.7 (Mostly unfree)

(100=totally free 0=totally repressed)

 
 
Source
Time zone

UTC+3

Total area

241,038 sq km

Capital

Kampala

Currency

Ugandan shillings (UGX)

Government type

Presidential republic

Languages

English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Religions

Protestant 45.1% (Anglican 32.0%, Pentecostal/Born Again/Evangelical 11.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.7%, Baptist .3%), Roman Catholic 39.3%, Muslim 13.7%, other 1.6%, none 0.2% (2014 est.)

Total population
1990 2000 2010 2016* 2021*
17.576 million 24.3 million 34 million 41.087 million 47.631 million

*Estimate 

 
 
Source
Urban population as % of total population
1960 1980 2000 2015
4% 8% 12% 16%
Population median age

15.7 years (2016 estimate)

Population growth rate

3.22% (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy

55.4 years (2016 estimate)

Literacy

Total population: 78.4%
Male: 85.3%
Female: 71.5% (2015 est.)

(age 15 and over can read and write)

% of population living on less than $3.10 a day

26.2% (2012)

Inequality of wealth distribution (Gini index)

41.0 (2012)

(0=perfect equality, 100=absolute inequality)

Freedom House rating

Political Rights: 6
Civil Liberties: 5 (2017)                         

(1 represents the most free, 7 the least free rating)

Source
Total telephone subscribers as % of population

Fixed 0.82%   Mobile 50.37% (2015)
(fixed-telephone subscribers and mobile-cellular subscribers)

Internet users as % of total population

19.22% (2015)

Mercer Cost of living index

Kampala: 187th (2016)

CO2 emissions

0.1 (2013)

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