Government deficit or surplus is the difference between government receipts (mainly tax revenue) and government spending (i.e. salaries of government employees, social benefits, interest on the public debt) in a single year.

Project Coordinator: S.J. Yun

IMF Survey
*Values expressed as a percentage.

Country
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Afghanistan 0.9 -0.6 0.2 -0.6 -0.5 -0.8
Albania -4.3 -3.6 -3.5 -5.2 -6.7 -5.9
Algeria -0.4 -0.4 -4.1 -0.9 -4.5 -4.6
Angola 3.5 8.7 4.6 0.3 -4.1 -4.1
Antigua and Barbuda -0.3 -3.6 -1.2 -4.2 -1.3 0.3
Argentina -1.1 -2.8 -3.2 -2.8 -4.5 -5.5
Armenia -5.0 -2.9 -1.6 -1.7 -1.7 -2.0
Australia -5.1 -4.5 -3.5 -3.5 -3.3 -1.8
Austria -4.5 -2.4 -2.6 -1.5 -3.0 -1.5
Azerbaijan 14.0 11.6 3.8 1.4 0.3 -1.8
The Bahamas -4.3 -4.6 -5.6 -6.6 -5.2 -4.5
Bahrain -5.8 -1.5 -3.2 -4.3 -4.8 -5.7
Bangladesh -2.7 -3.6 -3.0 -3.4 -2.7 -3.3
Barbados -7.9 -3.6 -8.5 -13.0 -9.1 -7.7
Belarus -0.5 4.2 1.7 -0.9 -3.3 -3.6
Belgium -4.0 -4.0 -4.1 -2.7 -2.6 -2.2
Belize -1.7 -1.1 -0.5 -2.3 -1.7 -1.7
Benin -0.4 -1.4 -0.3 -2.1 -1.4 -1.3
Bhutan 1.6 -2.1 -1.3 -4.0 -3.8 -2.4
Bolivia 1.7 0.8 1.8 0.7 -0.4 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina -3.5 -2.8 -2.7 -1.9 -4.1 -2.7
Botswana -7.5 -0.1 0.8 0.3 0.9 2.0
Brazil -2.8 -2.6 -2.8 -3.3 -3.9 -3.1
Brunei Darussalam 8.4 28.1 16.9 16.8 20.4 16.7
Bulgaria -4.0 -2.0 -0.5 -1.9 -2.7 -2.0
Burkina Faso -3.0 -1.4 -3.1 -4.0 -2.9 -3.0
Burundi -3.6 -3.9 -3.7 -1.7 -1.7 -2.1
Cabo Verde -10.7 -7.7 -10.3 -9.0 -9.6 -10.3
Cambodia -2.8 -4.1 -3.8 -2.7 -2.8 -2.3
Cameroon -1.1 -2.6 -1.6 -4.0 -5.0 -5.3
Canada -4.9 -3.7 -3.4 -3.0 -2.6 -2.1
Central African Republic -1.4 -2.4 0.0 -6.4 1.0 -6.4
Chad -4.2 2.4 0.5 -2.0 0.0 -1.4
Chile -0.4 1.4 0.7 -0.7 -1.8 -1.2
China -1.2 0.6 0.2 -0.9 -1.0 -0.8
Colombia -3.3 -2.0 0.1 -0.9 -1.5 -1.3
Comoros 7.0 1.4 3.2 15.5 -0.8 -2.7
Democratic Republic of the Congo 3.7 -1.2 0.5 -1.7 -2.1 -1.6
Republic of Congo 16.1 16.5 6.4 8.5 5.2 5.8
Costa Rica -5.4 -4.3 -4.6 -5.6 -6.3 -6.5
CÙte d'Ivoire -1.8 -5.4 -3.1 -2.3 -2.3 -3.1
Croatia -4.5 -4.6 -3.3 -5.5 -4.7 -2.9
Cyprus -5.3 -6.3 -6.4 -4.9 -4.4 -3.9
Czech Republic -4.8 -3.3 -4.2 -1.5 -1.2 -1.4
Denmark -2.7 -2.0 -3.9 -0.9 -1.4 -3.0
Djibouti -1.3 -1.4 -2.7 -5.9 -7.3 -10.5
Dominica -3.5 -4.4 -5.4 -2.7 -2.6 -2.4
Dominican Republic -2.7 -3.0 -6.6 -3.6 -2.9 -3.2
Ecuador -1.3 0.0 -1.1 -4.7 -4.3 -4.6
Egypt -8.3 -9.8 -10.5 -14.1 -12.2 -11.5
El Salvador -4.4 -4.1 -3.9 -3.7 -4.2 -4.5
Equatorial Guinea -6.4 1.1 -9.8 -7.8 -6.8 -3.9
Eritrea -16.0 -16.2 -13.5 -12.5 -11.6 -12.1
Estonia 0.2 1.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3
Ethiopia -1.3 -1.6 -1.2 -2.0 -2.7 -3.0
Fiji -2.2 -1.4 -1.1 -0.5 -2.1 -2.6
Finland -2.7 -1.0 -2.2 -2.3 -2.4 -1.4
France -6.8 -5.1 -4.9 -4.2 -4.4 -4.3
Gabon 2.7 2.4 1.5 1.6 5.9 -2.0
The Gambia -5.4 -4.7 -4.4 -8.4 -4.6 -2.5
Georgia -4.8 -0.9 -0.8 -1.2 -2.9 -2.3
Germany -4.2 -0.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2
Ghana -9.4 -5.2 -12.1 -10.0 -7.8 -6.5
Greece -11.0 -9.6 -6.4 -3.2 -2.7 -1.9
Grenada -3.1 -4.7 -5.4 -7.1 -6.0 -3.0
Guatemala -3.3 -2.8 -2.4 -2.1 -2.1 -2.2
Guinea -14.0 -1.3 -3.3 -5.2 -5.9 -2.7
Guinea-Bissau 1.4 -1.0 -2.6 -2.2 -1.9 -2.6
Guyana -2.7 -3.0 -4.7 -4.4 -3.6 -3.2
Haiti 1.1 -3.6 -4.8 -6.7 -5.6 -4.7
Honduras -2.8 -2.8 -4.2 -7.6 -6.0 -5.2
Hong Kong SAR 4.2 3.9 3.2 0.8 2.6 0.5
Hungary -4.4 4.2 -2.0 -2.4 -2.9 -2.8
Iceland -10.1 -5.6 -3.8 -2.1 1.9 -0.5
India -8.4 -8.0 -7.4 -7.2 -7.2 -6.7
Indonesia -1.3 -0.6 -1.7 -2.1 -2.5 -2.3
Islamic Republic of Iran 3.0 0.2 -0.3 -1.0 -2.1 -2.2
Iraq -4.2 4.7 4.1 -5.9 -3.0 -0.6
Ireland -29.3 -12.5 -7.8 -6.7 -4.2 -2.8
Israel -4.6 -3.9 -5.1 -3.2 -2.9 -2.9
Italy -4.4 -3.6 -2.9 -3.0 -3.0 -2.3
Jamaica -6.3 -6.4 -4.1 0.1 -0.7 -0.3
Japan -9.3 -9.8 -8.7 -8.2 -7.1 -5.8
Jordan -5.6 -6.8 -8.5 -11.4 -10.3 -6.0
Kazakhstan 1.5 6.0 4.5 5.0 3.8 3.2
Kenya -4.4 -4.0 -5.0 -5.7 -6.0 -5.8
Kiribati -12.7 -21.2 -6.7 10.3 -25.8 -20.4
Korea 1.5 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.3 0.8
Kosovo -2.2 -1.8 -2.6 -3.1 -2.2 -4.3
Kuwait 25.5 34.8 36.0 32.2 28.8 26.3
Kyrgyz Republic -5.8 -4.6 -5.7 -3.8 -4.4 -3.2
Lao P.D.R. -3.2 -1.7 -0.5 -5.6 -4.6 -3.7
Latvia -7.3 -3.2 0.1 -1.1 -0.8 -0.7
Lebanon -7.6 -5.9 -8.6 -9.2 -11.1 -12.0
Lesotho -5.0 -10.6 5.0 -1.2 -1.8 -1.2
Liberia -5.7 -3.1 -1.7 -2.5 -10.4 -9.6
Libya 11.6 -15.9 27.8 -4.0 -52.1 -30.2
Lithuania -7.2 -5.5 -3.3 -2.2 -2.2 -1.7
Luxembourg -0.8 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.4 -1.5
FYR Macedonia -2.4 -2.5 -3.9 -4.1 -3.5 -3.2
Madagascar -0.9 -2.4 -2.6 -5.1 -2.1 -2.3
Malawi 2.6 -5.2 -2.6 -5.5 -5.0 -3.3
Malaysia -4.7 -3.7 -3.6 -4.6 -3.6 -2.7
Maldives -16.3 -8.7 -9.4 -11.9 -19.2 -15.7
Mali -2.9 -4.1 -1.2 -2.7 -4.3 -3.4
Malta -3.5 -2.7 -3.3 -2.8 -2.7 -2.4
Marshall Islands 3.5 2.2 -0.8 -0.8 -0.2 -2.2
Mauritania -2.0 -1.5 2.8 -1.1 0.1 0.2
Mauritius -3.2 -3.2 -1.8 -3.5 -2.8 -3.5
Mexico -4.3 -3.3 -3.7 -3.8 -4.2 -4.0
Micronesia 0.5 -0.6 0.8 2.5 3.8 3.7
Moldova -2.5 -2.4 -2.2 -1.8 -1.7 -5.4
Mongolia 0.5 -4.8 -11.9 -9.7 -11.1 -7.4
Montenegro -4.6 -5.2 -5.9 -3.2 -1.5 -6.6
Morocco -4.4 -6.7 -7.4 -5.5 -5.0 -4.3
Mozambique -4.3 -5.1 -4.0 -2.7 -9.2 -7.4
Myanmar -5.4 -4.6 -1.7 -1.6 -4.5 -4.6
Namibia -4.6 -6.6 -1.4 -4.7 -6.0 -5.1
Nepal -0.8 -1.0 -0.6 2.1 2.2 0.9
Netherlands -4.7 -4.0 -3.7 -2.3 -2.5 -2.1
New Zealand -5.1 -4.9 -1.6 -0.7 -0.7 -0.4
Nicaragua 0.1 0.8 0.2 -0.6 -0.9 -0.9
Niger -2.4 -1.5 -1.2 -2.6 -5.7 -5.5
Nigeria -4.2 0.5 0.4 -2.3 -1.7 -2.2
Norway 11.1 13.4 13.8 11.0 10.8 9.9
Oman 5.7 9.4 4.6 8.1 3.0 0.2
Pakistan -5.9 -6.9 -8.4 -8.1 -4.7 -4.4
Palau -0.9 1.2 0.9 0.9 4.9 0.9
Panama -1.9 -2.1 -1.5 -3.0 -3.9 -2.0
Papua New Guinea 3.1 1.7 -3.2 -8.0 -7.2 -2.5
Paraguay 1.6 1.1 -1.2 -0.7 -0.7 0.1
Peru -0.1 2.0 2.2 0.7 -0.1 -0.1
Philippines -2.4 -0.4 -0.6 -0.1 -0.3 -1.0
Poland -7.9 -5.0 -3.9 -4.3 -3.2 -2.5
Portugal -9.9 -4.3 -6.5 -5.0 -4.0 -2.5
Qatar 2.5 6.5 9.6 15.4 11.4 9.0
Romania -6.4 -4.3 -2.5 -2.5 -2.2 -1.8
Russia -3.4 1.5 0.4 -1.3 -0.9 -1.1
Rwanda 0.4 -1.8 -1.6 -2.5 -2.0 -1.4
Samoa -5.8 -5.3 -7.2 -4.0 -2.6 -1.8
San Marino -2.0 -3.6 -2.0 -2.3 -1.3 -2.2
S„o TomÈ and PrÌncipe -11.5 -12.0 -10.7 1.6 -6.3 -6.0
Saudi Arabia 5.2 12.0 14.7 8.7 5.2 1.6
Senegal -5.2 -6.3 -5.6 -5.5 -5.0 -4.0
Serbia -3.9 -4.4 -7.2 -5.7 -8.8 -8.4
Seychelles 0.5 3.2 2.7 0.4 1.5 1.7
Sierra Leone -5.0 -4.6 -5.2 -2.4 -5.0 -5.3
Singapore 6.6 8.5 7.9 5.7 4.3 4.2
Slovak Republic -7.5 -4.8 -4.5 -2.8 -2.9 -2.3
Slovenia -5.2 -5.5 -3.1 -13.8 -5.0 -3.9
Solomon Islands 6.2 9.0 3.9 4.3 -1.6 -0.8
South Africa -4.9 -4.0 -4.3 -4.4 -4.9 -5.1
South Sudan n/a 4.3 -16.3 -6.9 -9.0 4.1
Spain -9.6 -9.6 -10.6 -7.1 -5.7 -4.7
Sri Lanka -8.0 -6.9 -6.5 -5.9 -5.2 -4.7
St. Kitts and Nevis -7.6 1.8 5.0 12.3 6.2 1.7
St. Lucia -4.9 -6.5 -9.3 -5.9 -6.2 -7.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines -3.9 -7.2 -2.1 -6.2 -6.7 -5.6
Sudan 0.3 0.2 -3.7 -2.3 -1.0 -1.2
Suriname -3.1 0.5 -4.0 -6.8 -3.5 -2.9
Swaziland -10.6 -4.6 4.4 0.3 -0.9 -3.4
Sweden 0.0 0.0 -0.7 -1.3 -2.0 -0.8
Switzerland 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.7
Syria -7.8 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Taiwan Province of China -5.0 -4.0 -4.2 -3.1 -2.3 -2.1
Tajikistan -3.0 -2.1 0.6 -0.8 -0.6 -1.3
Tanzania -6.5 -5.0 -5.7 -5.9 -5.0 -4.4
Thailand -0.8 -0.6 -1.8 -0.2 -2.5 -2.6
Timor-Leste 39.7 43.2 52.0 39.7 23.5 28.8
Togo -2.5 -4.0 -7.2 -4.7 -5.0 -3.8
Tonga -3.8 -3.7 -1.3 0.6 0.7 -0.7
Trinidad and Tobago -3.8 -0.1 -0.3 -2.3 0.1 -2.0
Tunisia -0.9 -3.4 -5.2 -5.9 -4.4 -3.4
Turkey -3.4 -0.6 -1.4 -1.5 -2.0 -1.9
Turkmenistan 2.0 3.6 6.4 1.3 0.1 0.6
Tuvalu -23.8 -8.9 9.3 26.3 15.8 -4.4
Uganda -6.7 -3.1 -3.5 -3.5 -4.8 -3.0
Ukraine -5.8 -2.8 -4.3 -4.8 -5.8 -3.9
United Arab Emirates 4.6 11.2 13.7 10.7 10.5 10.3
United Kingdom -10.0 -7.8 -8.0 -5.8 -5.3 -4.1
United States -11.3 -9.9 -8.6 -5.8 -5.5 -4.3
Uruguay -1.5 -0.9 -2.8 -2.4 -3.5 -3.4
Uzbekistan 4.9 8.8 8.5 2.9 0.6 0.5
Vanuatu -2.5 -2.1 -1.6 -0.2 -3.0 -3.9
Venezuela -10.4 -11.6 -16.5 -14.9 -14.2 -14.9
Vietnam -2.8 -1.1 -6.8 -5.6 -6.6 -6.1
Yemen -4.1 -4.5 -6.3 -6.9 -5.4 -5.0
Zambia -2.4 -1.8 -3.2 -6.7 -5.2 -4.1
Zimbabwe 0.7 -1.3 -0.6 -1.9 -1.7 0.6